Diastema – Gaps Between Teeth: Causes and Effects

“Plaque removal makes gaps between teeth growing.”

“Implants are good but may enlarge gaps between teeth”.

“Do not use dental floss because gaps between teeth will be larger.”

These misconceptions are often seen in patients with severe periodontitis at our clinic. However, these are not the real reasons that cause gaps or spaces between teeth or diastema!

What are the causes of gaps between teeth?

There are many causes for spaces between the teeth:

  • Congenital factor: Teeth are sparse congenitally. Underdeveloped permanent teeth lead to small tooth condition, large gaps;
  • Tooth loss: missing a tooth and not replacing it with dentures at that location will cause the surrounding teeth to fall back to the lost tooth position, making spaces between the teeth increasingly large;
  • Dental disease: Severe caries will widen the distance between the teeth, while periodontal diseases cause gum drops, alveolar bone resorption. Gradually, the tooth root becomes more visible, and the spaces between teeth gets larger.
  • Bad habits: Improper use of toothpicks for an extended period will damage the gums, cause bleeding gums, and widen distance between the teeth, which is not beneficial for oral health.

What are the effects of gaps between teeth?

The issue of the large distance between teeth is thought nothing more than a matter of appearance, but it can cause more harm as expected:

  • Dental disease: Large gaps between teeth are easy to cram food, hence hard to clean just by brushing teeth and gargling but needing dental floss. Most people do not have this habit, so bacteria quickly multiply over time and cause a range of periodontal diseases and caries.
  • Systemic diseases: If the distance between teeth is different, the teeth not evenly bearing the force will cause difficulty in chewing. In turn, food that is not chewed thoroughly will increase the gastrointestinal tract burden, resulting in indigestion or other digestive-related diseases.
  • Bad breath. Whether it’s food residue leading to fermented bacteria in the spaces between teeth or cavities, it will cause the mouth to smell bad.

Contact LN Dental Clinic for more information

Talk to your cosmetic dentist at our LN Dental in Chester Hill to find out which might be the best option of treatment for you. Our professional dentists have years of experience in helping our patients restore their smiles. For more information about any of our procedures, please contact us at (02) 9644 1499 or book an appointment today.

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